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Fourth Sunday of Advent A
December 22, 2013

Study of the Readings

Ed. by
Joyce Ann Zimmerman, et al.

• Words, Phrases
• To the point

• First Two Readings


The Word Embodied

Kavanaugh, S. J.


Joseph would be Christians’ historic image of the good provider, the protector. Did he feel like that, this man of flesh and blood, this decent and just man? Was it a struggle for him to believe that any good would come of it?


Historical Cultural Context

John J. Pilch

Honoring God’s Will

The honor code of the Mediterranean world demands that no one take what properly belongs to another. Mary’s child is not Joseph’s, so he hesitates to take it. If he doesn’t act quickly, he will be shamed.


Thoughts from the
Early Church


And so Mary gave birth to her firstborn son, the child of her own flesh and blood. She brought forth the God who had been born of God before creation began, and who, in his created humanity, rightfully surpassed the whole of creation.


Preparing for Sunday

Gillick, S. J.

Sad to say, Fr. Larry Gillick has stopped writing reflections for Sundays as of the First Sunday of Advent. We will miss him a lot, but will have new material in this spot soon. Thanks to Fr. Larry for his inspiring analyses of the readings!

Scripture In Depth

Reginald H. Fuller

Jesus is not a product of human evolution, the highest achievement of humanity, but the intervention of the transcendent God in human history from outside.