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Spirituality of the Readings
13th Sunday of Ordinary Time C
June 30, 2019
John Foley, SJ
Toward Jerusalem

Jesus is fierce in Sunday’s Gospel. He is on the march and will not be turned back. Sometimes the readings startle us.

He “rebukes” the disciples.

He shouts, “let the dead bury the dead” to a man who wants to bury his father and then follow Jesus.

He is moving fast, and his mood is intense. Get ready for it. But what is the reason for his intensity?

But Jesus’ “going up” will not be in a fiery chariot. His “ascent” will end up in a plunge downwards into humiliation and death.

Do you remember back when Jesus began his public ministry? We heard about this before Lent and Easter. He came from the desert filled with the Holy Spirit, and headed straight to his home town, Nazareth. He wanted to preach his mission. But his own townspeople rejected him. They were more than blunt about it: they tried to throw him off a cliff (Luke 4:14ff).

Formerly we were in the “Galilean Ministry” (Luke 3:1-9:50), as scholars call it (except for the insertion of Lent and Easter). Now a new section of Luke begins. It is called the “Journey to Jerusalem” (Luke 9:51-19:28). This new phase begins with a rejection of Jesus.

He leaves his home town. The people in Samaritan towns turn him away. He had sent messengers ahead to “warm up the audience,” so to speak, but the villagers would not let him enter. Jews and Samaritans were hostile to each other, and surely that is part of the reason for the rejection of him. But Luke says the real reason is that they knew he was “going up to Jerusalem.”*

   “Going up to Jerusalem.” Think about that phrase. The “going up” part is literal, since Jerusalem is built upon a hill or rise and you have to climb to get up to it. But Luke wanted the metaphorical sense too. Jesus had set his face to go up to the height of the cross.

The Greek word Luke uses for “go up” is the same one used in the Second Book of Kings for the prophet Elijah’s ascent into heaven (2 Kings 2:11).

A flaming chariot and flaming horses came … and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind.

But Jesus’ “going up” will not be in a fiery chariot. His “ascent” will end up in a plunge downwards into humiliation and death. The hill of Golgotha was high and barren and his life’s ending was low and shameful.

For the next ten chapters Luke will skillfully trace Jesus’ deeds in his urgent trip to Jerusalem. Maybe we can see now why Jesus was so severe with people in the reading for today. He knew what going up to Jerusalem would mean.

In all this there is a question we should think about. Do we want to go along with this man on his journey? What if we hear him say, “The Son of Man has nowhere to rest his head” [and neither will we]? Or, “No one who sets a hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God”?

Very harsh.

Wouldn’t you or I and turn on our heels and run away?

Yes. But think about it. Jesus is saying that Christianity (and Catholicism) are challenges, not just warm blankets. Jesus values God more than safe sleep, than family funerals, even more than courtesy to relations and friends. None of these are evil or bad, they are good. But they receive their worth from love. God-love. The primary reason for our lives and our deeds is the mission Jesus so urgently invites us to.

Love of God above all.

Love of our neighbor as ourselves, no matter what.

John Foley, SJ
 * I have set much of Luke's Gospel to music, with a libretto by Michael Dennis Browne. Included is music for “Toward Jerusalem.” Michael and I poured our hearts into writing this musical drama, and maybe you would like to share it. The name is As a River of Light, readily available on CD from OCP by pressing here.

Father Foley can be reached at:
Fr. John Foley, SJ

Fr. John Foley, SJ, is a composer and scholar at Saint Louis University.
Art by Martin (Steve) Erspamer, OSB
from Religious Clip Art for the Liturgical Year (A, B, and C). This art may be reproduced only by parishes who purchase the collection in book or CD-ROM form. For more information go