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The Word Embodied
22nd Sunday of Ordinary Time
Year B
August 29, 2021
John Kavanaugh, SJ

“This people honors me with their lips.”
(Mk 7:6)

Disturbing Words

The fornicators among us are surely going to be disturbed by Jesus’ words. So also the greedy-guts. The same might be said for liars, adulterers, thieves, killers, sensualists, the envious, the arrogant, and the obtuse.

Perhaps the best tack is to scrap the whole Gospel and talk about love or expansion funds. It is not uncommon, after all, for us to expunge those parts of the Gospel that offend us. But usually we have to listen to the stuff and squirm.

If our hearts are stung by Jesus’ challenge to the Pharisees, our hearts are almost healed.

It is a funny thing to sit in the pew on Sundays when a whole list of sins and sinners is enumerated from the Gospels or the various Epistles. Our shoulders shrink a bit in hope that we are not mentioned, or at least that the blows fall not too hard. Possibly we feel relieved that smoking and drinking are not mentioned. Some of us may sigh. It is those “others” that Jesus is talking about.

Or maybe we dwell—savoring it—on those “others.” That guy who has loads of money. I hope he heard the word “greed.” Or the woman who has seen three marriages. She’d better be listening. Or those fakes who think they are so good; they’ll get their fill of this Gospel. And I hope those people who eat and drink too much know what the word “sensuality” means. They could learn a thing or two if they would just open up their ears. As for those who envy my own virtue and success, thank God they are condemned as well.

The old Pharisees were experts in the law. Matters of right and wrong. Weighty concerns of judgment. They knew where people stood. But Jesus seemed to have more difficulty with the Pharisees than with any other group. They did not mind hearing about sin, as long as it didn’t apply to them. They were righteous, but self-righteously so. They honored their self-images and projections, their own traditions. Jesus quoted Isaiah to penetrate their defenses: “You teach as dogmas mere human precepts.”

For myself, this stings a bit. I cherish what has been handed down as tried and true. But if I cherish tradition, must I not be vigilant that my heart is in the right place? Does Christ speak to me when he says: “You disregard God’s commandment and cling to what is human tradition”? Does he address his church? Its scribes? Its leaders? “This people pays me lip-service but their heart is far from me. Empty is the reverence they give me because they teach as dogmas mere human precepts.” (Mt 15:8)

A secret consolation is this: if our hearts are stung by Jesus’ challenge to the Pharisees, our hearts are almost healed.

A gifted and forceful woman once told me of a horrifying revelation. She realized at prayer that she was the Pharisee, she who judged others, she who did not trust God.

What a lovely moment. If you think you are a Pharisee, you most surely are not. If you think you are not, watch out.

John Kavanaugh, SJ
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Father Kavanaugh was a professor of Philosophy at St. Louis University in St. Louis. He reached many people during his lifetime.
The Word Encountered: Meditations on the Sunday Scriptures
Orbis Books, Maryknoll, New York (1996), pp. 98-99.
Art by Martin Erspamer, OSB
from Religious Clip Art for the Liturgical Year (A, B, and C). This art may be reproduced only by parishes who purchase the collection in book or CD-ROM form. For more information go
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