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Spirituality of the Readings
2nd Sunday of Easter
Divine Mercy Sunday
April 7, 2024
John Foley, SJ


So what is the trouble for this famous man, Thomas, in the Gospel? His doubts echo through history. We often assume that he was just a tough guy who had trouble trusting,. But it would help you and me in our own doubts if we could understand more about this person who couldn’t believe in the resurrection.

We call him Doubting Thomas.

First, who was he? His real name in Aramaic, Te’oma (Thomas), meant twin, and he was also called Didymus, which meant the same thing in Greek. So he likely was a twin, perhaps of Matthew.

He might have been a bit glum. For instance, he gave a practical but gloomy response when Jesus wanted to go back to Judea after Lazarus died. None of the disciples wanted to go there, because they knew the leaders had tried to stone Jesus (John 10:24-30). At that point Jesus gave some high-minded talk about how much they would learn by going, but Thomas ignored these reasoning. His sarcastic reply is a perfect picture of him: “Alright, let us also go die with him” (John 11:16).*

Here Thomas reminds me a bit of Joe Btfsplk, the famous Al Capp cartoon character from yesteryear who walked around with a perpetual rain cloud over his head!

Much later, just before the passion, Jesus will say, “Where I am going you know the way.” This was really a spiritual statement about going to the Father, but Thomas took it literally (John 14:3-6). He gives a very matter-of-fact response, but rooted in emotion. In summary he says, “You’re talking in secrets! We can’t follow you if don’t say where you are going! Help us.”

Thomas loved Jesus doggedly, that is for sure. But he feared the dangerous situations that Jesus always walked right into. Thomas’ practical nature looked frankly at them and drew the pragmatic, pessimistic conclusion. Thomas the twin had twin emotions, love and fear.

Is it any wonder, then, that in this Sunday’s Gospel Thomas laid down unflinching requirements for believing in the resurrection? Take a look. His worst fears already had come true: Jesus had been killed. To deal with this sorrow Thomas resolved to accept the death stolidly. He would never slip and talk about his departed friend in the present tense, as if he were still here. Thomas the pragmatist knew that Jesus was dead and gone. He had predicted it.

Then came the new news.

“Didymus, Jesus is alive! You were away, but suddenly he stood there among us even though all the doors were locked! He talked to us!”

No. NO! Thomas’ heart could not accept it. He wanted it too much. He could not bear to believe it.

Unless I see the mark of the nails in his hands and put my finger into the nail marks and put my hand into his side, I will not believe. (John 20:25)

This is exactly in character for Thomas/Didymus. These tough words are really a protection for a heart that would break in pieces if it were fooled by another false hope. “The only way I would believe such nonsense is if you give me absolute proof.”

Jesus gave it. Fingers in nail marks, hand in side.

Thomas had always belonged to Jesus. Yes, he was cynical, but when he got the practical proof he needed, he sank to the ground in heart-rending surrender.

“My Lord and my God.”

What a great story for us at Eastertide.

John Foley, SJ

 * Jesus then told them, “Our friend Lazarus is asleep, but I am going to awaken him.” So the disciples said to him, “Master, if he is asleep, he will be saved.” But Jesus was talking about his death, while they thought that he meant ordinary sleep. So then Jesus said to them clearly, “Lazarus has died. And I am glad for you that I was not there, that you may believe. Let us go to him” (John 11:11-15).

Father Foley can be reached at:
Fr. John Foley, SJ

Fr. John Foley, SJ, is a composer and scholar at Saint Louis University.

Art by Martin Erspamer, OSB
from Religious Clip Art for the Liturgical Year (A, B, and C). This art may be reproduced only by parishes who purchase the collection in book or CD-ROM form. For more information go